Basic geological data in digital form are primarily used for carrying out modern geological analyses and exploring the underground.They form an essential basis for the development of comprehensive geological datasets and models in the domains of natural hazards, geo-energy and raw materials, as well as for dealing with issues relating to the environment.From April 2010 through June 2013, Credit Suisse executed approximately 31,000 limit orders and 41,000 stop-loss orders that may have been a source of profit through front running.Additionally, because front-running can occur on orders that ultimately remain unfilled, Credit Suisse may have profited as well from front running many tens of thousands of additional client orders. Vullo today announced that Credit Suisse AG agreed to pay a 5 million fine as part of a consent order with the New York State Department of Financial Services (DFS) for violations of New York banking law, including improper efforts with other global banks, front-running client orders, and additional unlawful conduct that disadvantaged customers.The violations announced today stem from an investigation by DFS determining that from at least 2008 to 2015, Credit Suisse consistently engaged in unlawful, unsafe and unsound conduct by failing to implement effective controls over its foreign exchange business.
“Building ammo,” a manipulative practice used by Credit Suisse and other banks, involved an agreement among traders at different banks to allow a single, designated trader to take on multiple orders from the other participants.
Under the consent order announced today, Credit Suisse will take remedial actions to prevent the conduct from re-occurring and will submit plans to DFS to improve senior management oversight of the company’s compliance with New York State laws and regulations relating to the company’s foreign exchange trading business.
The bank will also enhance internal controls and compliance, and improve its compliance risk management program with respect to its foreign exchange trading business; and enhance its internal audit program with respect to its compliance with applicable laws and regulations, as well as its internal policies and procedures. through a foreign bank branch in New York State that is licensed and regulated by DFS, as well as through other affiliates.
The 0 000 Topographic Map of Switzerland (Dufour Map) was the first official series of maps that encompassed the whole of Switzerland.
It was published in the period from 1845 to 1865 and thus coincides with the creation of the modern Swiss Confederation.