The evolution of a species is linked to the environment.
Adaptation is a continuous response to the environment by changeable species.
( Adaptive radiation is the evolution from an unspecialised ancestral stock of many different species that adapt to a variety of ecological roles (see books)).
Mammals and subsequently humanity may not have become dominant on earth had it not been for the global catastrophe that led to the extinction of the dinosaurs 65 million years ago.
We humans are first animals, then mammals, then primates.
Evolution only gained significant momentum after the theory of evolution, published by Charles Darwin in November 1859, implied that man was merely another product of life on earth, with origins shared by the other creatures and not its ultimate purpose. Wallace proposed the same theory at a joint presentation to the Linnaean Society in London .
Without the universal acceptance of the principle of evolution, there is no chance for the serious proposal of holism.
Between the mid-1930s and mid 1940s geneticists, systematists and palaeontologists collaborated to create a united approach to evolution, the "Modern Synthesis".
Ernst Mayr reduced all the hominid (human ancestor: (see hominid books)) fossil records to three species, A.